Tooth decay and cavities are among the world’s most common oral
health problems. These problems are most often seen in children,
teenagers and older adults. However, anyone can get cavities.
Dental cavities, also referred to as caries, are holes in the teeth
caused by tooth decay. Decay usually occurs due to a bacterial infection
that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues in the
Certain factors can increase the risk of getting cavities, including
foods that cling to your teeth for a long time, frequent snacking or
sipping, poor oral hygiene, not getting enough fluoride, dry mouth, worn
fillings or dental devices. Eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia
can also contribute to serious dental problems due to repeated purging.
The signs and symptoms of cavities vary, depending on the type and
the severity of the problem. Some common symptoms include toothache,
tooth sensitivity, mild to sharp pain when eating or drinking, visible
holes or pits in the infected tooth, and black, brown or white stains on
the tooth’s surface.
If cavities aren’t treated, they can lead to severe toothache,
infection and even tooth loss. Some of the treatments for tooth decay
and cavities are fillings, crowns and root canals.
The first step toward preventing cavities and stopping existing
cavities from becoming worse is to take good care of your teeth. Brush
your teeth for at least 2 minutes twice a day, in the morning and before
bedtime. Floss once a day and also clean your tongue daily.
There are also some natural remedies that can help provide relief and
maintain good oral health. Also, consult your doctor for proper
diagnosis and treatment.