Symptoms of Early Diabetes to Recognize for a Timely Diagnosis !

Diabetes is a disease that is directly related to the level of sugar in our blood. The hormone that regulates this is called insulin and is produced by the pancreas, which is located in the abdomen.

Cancer of the abdomen is very difficult to detect, especially very early on, because of the very common symptoms, which can easily be mistaken for other milder illnesses.

Here are 9 early symptoms that aren’t the flu or an upset stomach, but diabetes:

1. Increased thirst and urination

Increased thirst (polydipsia) and frequent urination
(polyuria) are the most common symptoms of diabetes. When you have
diabetes, your kidneys can’t absorb all the excess sugar. Instead, it
ends up in your urine, taking along fluids from your tissues. This makes
you pee more and leaves you feeling dehydrated. To quench your thirst,
you start drinking more, which leads to even more frequent urination.

The average person urinates 6–7 times a day.
Anywhere between 4 and 10 times a day is also normal if the person is
healthy and the number of bathroom breaks hasn’t changed.

2. Increased hunger

Excessive hunger (polyphagia), together with the increased thirst and urination mentioned above, make up the 3 major signs
of diabetes. If your body doesn’t produce enough (or any) insulin or if
it doesn’t respond to it the normal way, it can’t convert food into the
glucose that your cells use for energy. And that causes increased hunger that doesn’t go away after eating. In fact, eating only makes the blood sugar even higher.

If
you keep eating but your hunger persists, you may need to consult your
physician, even if you seemingly don’t have any other symptoms of
diabetes.

3. Fatigue

Another common sign of diabetes is constant fatigue. When you have diabetes, you feel tired and sleepy all the time
for the same reason that you always feel hungry: your cells don’t have
enough glucose to use for energy. Dehydration caused by frequent
urination also contributes to feeling exhausted.

Fatigue can be a symptom of many other conditions,
some not even medical (carb-heavy diet, too much caffeine, aging). But
when combined with other symptoms from this list, it can be a sign of
diabetes.

4. Blurred vision

When blurred vision
is not a sign of a more serious eye problem, it can be an early sign of
diabetes. It happens due to shifting fluids, which makes the lens of
your eye swell and change shape. This affects your ability to focus, and
things start to look blurry or fuzzy.

These changes in the eye are usually reversible, and your sight should go back to normal
as your blood sugar levels stabilize with treatment. However, if
diabetes is left untreated, these changes can progress and lead to
blindness.

5. Unexplained weight loss

Unexplained weight loss
means losing a lot of weight without the help of dieting or exercising.
Since your body can’t use glucose as a source of energy when you have
diabetes, it starts burning fat and muscle for energy instead, causing
your weight to drop. Dehydration also contributes to sudden weight loss
since your body uses all available fluids to produce urine.

Unexpected weight loss is a common early sign of type 1 diabetes, but it can affect people suffering from type 2 diabetes as well.

6. Itchy skin

As
mentioned above, when excess sugar is excreted into your urine, it
takes along fluids from your other tissues, including your skin (your
largest organ!). Dry skin can make you itchy, and scratching those dry patches can lead to your skin getting broken and even infected. Another reason for itchy skin is yeast infections, which are fairly common in people with diabetes.

If you have diabetes, learn some basic skin care tips to keep your skin healthy.

7. Slow healing

Cuts and wounds that heal very slowly
can often be a symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar not only increases
inflammation in cuts and sores but also leads to poor blood
circulation, making it hard for blood to reach and repair damaged areas
of skin. This especially concerns feet, and it is not uncommon for
patients with diabetes to develop foot sores that might lead to more serious problems.

If you’ve noticed that your cuts and wounds take longer to heal than before, be sure to mention it to your physician.

8. Dark patches of skin

Acanthosis nigricans is a skin condition that presents itself in dark patches of skin with a velvety texture.
These patches usually appear in areas where skin creases or folds: on
the neck, in the armpits, in the groin, inside the elbows, behind the
knees, and on the knuckles of fingers.

While this condition can affect otherwise healthy people, it is a common sign of prediabetes or diabetes and should be examined by your physician.

9. Numb or tingling hands or feet

Numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands or feet
(or fingers or toes) is another common sign of diabetes. As mentioned
above, high blood sugar leads to poor blood circulation, and that, in
turn, leads to nerve damage. Hands and feet, being the body parts
farthest from the heart, suffer first.

As with many other symptoms on this list, keeping your blood sugar in check will help you greatly, and your circulation should improve.

Diabetes
is a chronic disease that can lead to many serious complications if
left untreated. The earlier it is diagnosed, the easier it will be to
manage it and the longer your life will be. If you notice any of
these symptoms, especially several of them combined, make an
appointment with your doctor as soon as possible.

source: brightside.me

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