Early Warning Signs That Your Blood Sugar Levels Are Too High

There
are a lot of people complaining about having low blood sugar. Probably,
some of us have experienced it also in some phase of our lives. It is
also an issue that it can cause a large variety of symptoms (and this
includes making you feel like crap) and, in case it becomes a regular
thing it may be a sign of a serious health issue. High blood sugar on
the opposite, is also something that people fear a lot.

High blood sugar—hyperglycemia—happens when the level of glucose (i.e. sugar) in your blood elevates.



We
ingest the glucose from the food we eat, and most of the foods we
ingest can have an impact to our blood sugar in one way or another, as
the certified dietitian-nutritionist Lisa Moskovitz, R.D., CEO of NY
Nutrition Group. All this includes foods that are very high in
carbohydrates and sugar but still lower in fat and fiber, as for example
baked goods, white – flour breads, soda, as well as candy – she adds.
“This is as well the case with foods high in added sugar, which include
desserts, sweetened yogurts, candy, ice cream, certain breakfast
cereals, granola bars and many sugar-sweetened beverages”, Alissa
Rumsey, M.S.,R.D., a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and
Dietetics, tells to SELF.

But, luckily, the high blood sugar is
not something most of us have to be worried about. “Human bodies are
much resilient to controlling blood sugar levels, especially when high,”
Deena Adimoolam, M.D., assistant professor of endocrinology at the
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. It is normal that when you eat
something sugary or something that is carb-filled, the pancreas makes
insulin, which is a hormone that your body will need in order to produce
glucose. All glucose that is left is stored in your liver in order to
make sure that it is not hanging around in your blood.

Dr.
Adimoolam says that this system works pretty well in the non-diabetic
healthy adults. “All normal people who have no problem with their
ability to control blood glucose shall never become overly
hyperglycemic,” she adds. In case you have developed insulin resistance
or have diabetes, the body will not be as great at producing the insulin
necessary to process glucose, which in turn means you will be more at
risk for having blood glucose levels that can be dangerously high.

Some of the early signs of high blood sugar include:
 
Headaches

Headaches
are very common, so it is a huge help to know what kind of headache
you’re dealing with (migraines, for example). But, in case of any new,
chronic headache it deserves to be discussed with your doctor.

Blurred vision

High
amounts of glucose in the blood will affect your retina, causing a
condition called diabetic retinopathy and thus, you might be able to
notice blurred vision and extra floaters.
Fatigue

If feeling
overly tired or fatigued, which are usually non-specific symptoms, they
might also be signs of low blood sugar, Dr. Adimoolam confirms.
 
Urinating frequently

The
additional glucose can likewise influence your kidneys, which are in
charge of expelling the extra water from your blood in order to produce
urine. High levels of glucose in your blood can damage the blood vessels
in your kidneys, which will cause the process of filtering less
efficient and pee more.

Increased thirst

As Dr.
Adimoolam tells, having the feeling like you need to drink more than
usual is a natural side effect of peeing more often. In the case where
your high blood sugar symptoms are left untreated, they can become more
obvious and severe over the course of a few days or weeks. According to
our experts and the Mayo Clinic, here’s what could happen if your blood
sugar is too high: Difficulty concentrating, Dry mouth, Increased
hunger, Confusion, Shortness of breath, Abdominal pain.

If
you’re in the stage of sickness where you can’t keep food or fluids
down, you need immediate medical attention or at least, make an
appointment with your doctor.

You can use your food choices to
lower the odds you’ll experience these symptoms. If you do have
diabetes, it’s very important to stick to your individualized nutrition
plan and if your symptoms are seen early enough, it is possible to lower
high blood sugar by adjusting some different lifestyle changes (which
both include diet as well as physical activity).

Although a set
“diabetes diet,” does not exist, most people have been advised to make
fruits, vegetables, and whole grains the bulk of their diet because
they’re low in sugar and high in fiber. Foods containing sugar are fine
every once in a while, but how much and how often you should have them
will depend on your individual circumstances—including the fact whether
you have type 1 or 2 diabetes.

A great size from this process is
educating patients about which foods are truly healthy, Dr. Adimoolam
says. Although the quinoa is something we generally think of as being
healthy, it in itself still has carbs that can interfere with your blood
sugar. In case of assistance in putting together a nutrition plan,
check in with your doctor (who may refer you to an R.D.).

If
you’re often experiencing the symptoms of high blood sugar and aren’t
sure why, please talk to your doctor. If it is suspected you might have
diabetes,the doctor will do a blood test to see the amount of sugar in
your blood that’s physically attached to hemoglobin cells, Dr. Adimoolam
says. As the blood sugar goes higher over the past few months, the more
of those hemoglobin cells will be attached to sugar molecules. However,
that test’s results may be inconclusive or the test may not be
available. If this happens you’ll be given a different type of blood
test (possibly one that requires you to fast). What’s more, if your
specialist supposes you may have type 1 diabetes, there might be a
couple of extra tests to look for compounds in your urine and to test
your immune system.

Diabetes treatment, in addition to managing
your nutrition and exercise, may include monitoring your blood sugar,
medication, and insulin therapy. Humans with type 1 diabetes will
definitely require insulin (in the form of a pump or injections), as do
many (but not all) people with type 2 diabetes. There are cases where
people with type 1 diabetes may opt for a pancreas transplant, which
would replace the need for insulin therapy.

The sickness diabetes
is itself a serious condition, so therefore it’s crucial to be aware of
the sometimes subtle signs, and of course, to see your doctor if you
have any concerns.

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